Different Types of Outsourcing Model

Remember the last time you had to provide an immediate replacement for a skilled professional in your in-house team. After that, it probably laid a heavy burden on administrative resources and required significant investment the next day.

Indeed, some companies can deal with that situation and pour their abundant money resources into gearing internal teams. But, what if the local area lacks experts with rare or specific expertise in cutting-edge techs, and you have to look outside and explore international hiring waters?

Outsourcing

In this case, outsourcing can become a universal answer to any query. So, no matter your company’s goals, you can fill in resource gaps by hiring tech talents from a top software development outsourcing vendor. In other words, outsourcing comes in various forms and models to meet the different needs of clients around the globe. So, This article wants to explore the types of outsourcing models and determine which ones to choose for a particular project.

 

Types of IT outsourcing models

Broadly speaking, there are two main types of outsourcing:

LOCATION-BASED OUTSOURCING

Onshore Nearshore Offshore
You work with a team residing in the same country as your local team, but in a different region Your remote team is located in the neighboring region There’s quite a distance between you and an outsourcing team

When a physical location is a decisive factor, companies can choose between offshore, nearshore, or onshore IT outsourcing models. In that piece, we explored their peculiarities and completed a head-to-head comparison of their distinctive features.

In short, it depends on how far away from the core team you will hire tech talent. Besides, geographical proximity should be considered, service costs, and the ability to find a trusted IT outsourcing partner. Not sure how to choose one for your case? Here’s our guide to finding the right software development vendor.

 

ROLE-BASED OUTSOURCING

Full outsourcing Dedicated team Team augmentation Managed IT services
The client hands the entire project workflow to the vendor’s development team This model allows hiring teams with the necessary tech skills and proficiency to work independently on the predefined scope of the project Team extension is a way to access temporary talent with rare or advanced expertise It is a type of business process outsourcing that suggests managing the entire IT operations and technologies on behalf of a vendor

Full outsourcing

Firstly, this model presupposes that the client hands the entire project workflow to the vendor’s development team. In addition, they agree on the deliverables and timelines and set the procedure for communication and reporting. As a rule, the frequency of these procedures is negotiated before signing the contract.

Secondly, the client and the vendor agree on project requirements and draft a specification as a point of future reference for the executor. And, the vendor takes full responsibility for project launch, management, and delivery while the client has little involvement in the process. Moreover, they can appoint their PM and let them communicate with the IT vendor’s project manager.

Full outsourcing model: quick facts

Summary: The client entrusts the development process from planning to release to a chosen service provider. And, a vendor takes responsibility for the project and manages associated risks.

Best for: companies with overloaded teams or those lacking software development teams in-house.

Main pros for businesses: no distractions from core activities; reduced expenses; complete alignment with pre-negotiated timeframes and requirements.

 

Dedicated team

This IT outsourcing business model allows hiring teams with the necessary tech skills and proficiency to work independently on the predefined scope of the project. For example, if your in-house team lacks the required expertise or is overloaded with other tasks, the dedicated team can work fine. Besides, it allows for retaining proper control over the team and owning all the code produced. 

The vendor provides a dedicated project manager who is in charge of supervision, reporting, and other management efforts. Moreover, your IT partner is expected to take full responsibility for the hiring and onboarding of the outsourced team. Eventually, it gets down to working solely on the project without integrating it into the company’s internal operations.

Dedicated team outsourcing model: quick facts

Summary: The client hires a cross-functional team to work on the specific project or its part. And, the vendor manages the entire team and provides a transparent review of the processes and deliverables to the client.

Best for: companies that want to avoid massive overtime or lack specific expertise but want to retain complete control over the processes.

Main pros for businesses: transparent project-wise activities; access to relevant tech expertise; no need to invest in project management.

 

Team augmentation

IT staff augmentation is also called team extension and is one of the most optimal ways to access temporary talent with rare or advanced expertise. To ensure its success, you need to engage a trusted IT outsourcing provider that will go through the sourcing, hiring, and onboarding processes. Certainly, you, as a client, are expected to approve the most appropriate candidate to join the team.

Consequently, you will get external specialists that will work as part of your in-house team and report directly to the management. This is to say, when a business needs to change and you need to scale up or down, this outsourcing model provides an easy way to adapt to the situation.

Team augmentation model: quick facts

Summary: The client quickly ramps up necessary resources to work as part of their in-house team.

Best for companies that go through rapid expansion and those lacking specific skill sets.

Main pros: lack of HR-related hassles and administrative efforts; quick team ramp-up; access to top talent; complete control over the development process.

 

Managed IT services

It is one type of business process outsourcing that grants the utmost level of autonomy to an outsourcing partner. In other words, It is managing the entire IT operations and technologies on behalf of a client. Meanwhile, it is including from creating the proper IT infrastructure to subsequent support and maintenance, the managed team is the one to rule them all.

Besides, project management is also the vendor’s area of responsibility. Moreover, the remote IT partner is the one to decide on the pool of technologies and services that are needed to fulfill ongoing and strategic goals. The client, in turn, can concentrate on other business-critical tasks and improve their bottom line, customer service, and operational agility.

Managed IT services: quick facts

Summary: The client entrusts the entire IT-related landscape to a managed team led by the vendor’s project manager.

Best for: companies with no expertise in IT-related activities.

Main pros: ease of business scalability; access to top talent with rich tech and business expertise; reduced costs.

 

Let’s summarize the main points for a quick reference:

  Full outsourcing Dedicated team Team augmentation Managed IT services
IT expertise not obligatory nice to have necessary not necessary
Client’s Involvement low medium high minimum to no
Control little medium high minimum to no
Flexibility medium to low medium high medium
Team scaling abilities low high high low
Responsibility service provider mixed or shared client service provider
Management efforts service provider mixed or shared client service provider

 

Different Types of Outsourcing Model

In Conclusion, which one of the discussed IT outsourcing models can work for your case? There is no universal answer to that question. Yet, the above considerations can swing the pendulum to one side or another. If you are still unsure which type of outsourcing to choose, engage us.

To learn more about our offering, don’t hesitate to contact us. Just share the details regarding the future tasks, and we’ll come up with the most optimal solution.

Web Development Tech Stacks & Programming Trends in 2022

Web Development Tech Stacks & Programming Trends in 2022

Choosing the right tech stack for web development is one of the crucial things to consider. After all, it will determine the functionality, features, and interface of the software. Eventually, It will impact numerous layers of your business.

The truth is that you can spend hours digging deep into the vast researching options. Before making up your mind, you can spend hours digging into the vast current programming language trends, but first, you need to navigate through several high-end technologies. And even after long hours of searching, it still can be confusing for business owners. As for developers, they need to figure out which programming language to learn to be valuable for potential employers. 

So let’s clear things up and understand what tools and technologies power the software development process this year. Then, we will consider them from the point of view of their position in the software development anatomy. Eventually, that will enable us to shortlist the top trending programming languages in 2022.

Web Development Anatomy

The best way to understand web development is to represent it as a two-way process:

  • Client-side programming (a.k.a. front-end), which is a user-oriented side of a website or app 
  • Server-side programming (a.k.a. back-end) relates to the part of a website or app that is not visible to end-users.

Both parts of web development should be taken into account to execute the project flawlessly. So, with them, your product will meet stringent market requirements and remain consistent with time.

The Popularity of Web Development Technologies in 2022

Recent research data suggests that the most in-demand technologies to power web development include Javascript, Java, and Python. Therefore, these are the most sought-after programming languages by recruiters in 2022, as cited by the novel CodinGame developer survey. 

The Most Sought-After Programming Languages by Recruiters in 2022

Web Development Tech Stacks & Programming Trends in 2022,The Most Sought-After Programming Languages by Recruiters

Source: https://www.codingame.com/work/codingame-coderpad-tech-hiring-survey-2022/

According to another survey conducted by Statista, the most widely used languages among developers include:

  • JavaScript
  • HTML / CSS
  • Python
  • SQL
  • Java.

The Most Widely Used Languages Among Developers

Web Development Tech Stacks & Programming Trends in 2022, The Most Widely Used Languages Among Developers

To find out which programming language is in trend amid freelancers, we turned to the most recent Upwork breakdown which mentions JavaScript, CSS, HTML, PHP, and Python as the most popular options for developers. 

Another indicator that leads us to choose the best programming language to learn first is its popularity on search engines. For that, we considered the top contenders in the regularly updated TIOBE and PYPL ratings. 

The TIOBE index denotes that the top contenders are Python, C, Java, C++, C#, Visual Basic, and JavaScript. As we can see from the table below, Python started in third place in January 2021 and surpassed Java and C to become the rating leader. 

Top Programming Languages by TIOBE

Web Development Tech Stacks & Programming Trends in 2022, Top Programming Languages by TIOBE

According to the PYPL rating that analyzes the most trending programming languages and technologies, the top winners secured their positions through 2021:

Trending Languages by PYPL

Web Development Tech Stacks & Programming Trends in 2022, Trending Languages by PYPL

Powered by the most recent research data, we can present the most in-demand programming technologies to use at different phases of the web development process and for other purposes in 2022.

Front-End Technology Stack Components

It is hard to imagine the work of a modern front-end developer without the most common technologies out there:

  • HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) and CSS (Cascading Sheet Styles). To clarify, HTML helps to create the frame of each web page. Then CSS plugs in to transform the page and give it a competent look.

In addition, these two technologies occupied second place in the most popular technologies list compiled by Stackoverflow in 2021.

Stackoverflow

Web Development Tech Stacks & Programming Trends in 2022Source:https://insights.stackoverflow.com/survey/2021#most-popular-technologies-language-prof

There are helpful frameworks that should be used for HTML and CSS. Among them, Bootstrap and Foundation are among the most popular and loved ones by developers. Firstly, Bootstrap helps reduce the development time. Moreover, it helps to create responsive websites rendered equally in all modern browsers. Secondly, Foundation gives developers more flexibility when working on the interface which offers an extended suite of tools that facilitate the creation of large corporate websites.

  • JavaScript. It is a programming language that runs in the browser and adds interactivity and functionality to the web page.

As the current trends in programming languages adoption suggest, developers and employers maintain a strong interest in the technology. We can observe that from the data collected by the previously mentioned researchers (CodinGame and Stackoverflow): 

CodinGame Stackoverflow
62% of recruiters need JavaScript developers
64% of developers code in JavaScript
68% of developers code in JavaScript

preferred frameworks

No JavaScript tech stack is complete without special tool kits. In other words, that tool kits accelerate the web development and provide a structured organization of the code. Among them, jQueryAngular.js, React.js, and Vue.js are the most preferred frameworks out there. Besides, each of them has its tasks to solve. And it is essential to know their features and application domains.

As for jQuery, it facilitates interactions between JavaScript and HTML which fixes compatibility issues across browsers. After that, Angular.js is Google’s brainchild which gets immense support from the tech giant and will be there for years to come. Moreover, it is primarily used to build dynamic web apps and SPAs (Single-Page Apps).

Meanwhile, React.js, was developed by Facebook and is recognized by its performance. And, Vue.js is a relatively new framework that is easy to learn and understand which requires some basic knowledge of HTML and JavaScript. Besides, it is worth noting that Vue is an independent open-source framework not tied to any prominent tech company. 

If we look at the survey conducted by StackOverflow, we can see that React.js leads the pack as the broadly used framework for web development: 

Web Development Frameworks

Web Development Tech Stacks & Programming Trends in 2022, Web Development Frameworks

Source: https://insights.stackoverflow.com/survey/2021#technology

The image illustrates the percentage of respondents opting for a specific technology in 2021.

Most importantly, one of the exciting findings of the survey is that there is a change in attitudes among developers. As a result, if we compare the previous year’s results, we can observe that React.js surpassed jQuery for the first time.

Back-End Technology Stack Components

The back-end part consists of the following components:

  • Programming languages
  • Databases
  • Servers

Programming Languages

Programming languages are used to provide interoperability between databases, servers, and the front end of a website or app.

What is the best programming language to learn to code the back-end part? Among the common programming languages and their frameworks are the following:

  • Python is useful for complex app development powered by the Django, Pylons, Flask frameworks. That is to say, it is one of the best programming languages to learn in 2022, since it is considered one of the most demanded ones by employers. 
  • NodeJS is a runtime environment used to create server-side apps. As it requires the knowledge of JavaScript, often used in stacks along with the JS front-end infrastructure.
  • Java is a fast, scalable, and secure programming language. In addition, it is generally used with the Spring, Struts, and Hibernate frameworks.
  • PHP is a widely adopted programming language, with Laravel as one of the most popular PHP frameworks.
  • C# powers the Unity Game Engine and is vastly used on the .NET framework or any open-source platform.
  • C++ is used to write fast programs for operating systems, browsers, graphics applications, banking apps, and many others.

Here’s how the top back-end programming languages compare in terms of their positions in different ratings:

Programming Languages Stackoverflow TIOBE PYPL Statista
Python 4 1 1 3
Node.js 6 6
Java 7 3 2 5
C# 8 5 5 8
C++ 11 4 4 10
PHP 10 12 6 11

As we can see, the most trending programming language for the back-end part is Python.

Databases

Databases provide the permanent storage of the data which can be either relational or non-relational. 

Let’s refer to StackOverflow’s survey once again. As it offers one of the most comprehensive coverages of trends among developers, we can find that the MySQL database is the most preferred option:

Databases

Web Development Tech Stacks & Programming Trends in 2022, Databases

Source: https://insights.stackoverflow.com/survey/2021#technology

The image illustrates the percentage of respondents opting for a specific technology. 

MySQL has remained on top of the game as it offers an intuitive interface and batch commands that can reliably process vast loads of data. Further, it’s free software, though it is regularly updated and improved in terms of security.

Servers

Servers receive and process requests from various user devices. For instance, some of the most popular web servers as for now:

  • According to the data collected by W3Techs, as of 2021, 33.1% of all websites use NGINX. And, in the majority of cases, the server is chosen due to its high performance and scalability. So, the solution is excellent for handling numerous concurrent sessions.
  • Apache HTTP Server. The reasons behind its popularity are excellent documentation and comprehensive support from users.
  • IIS. This web server is implemented on the Windows platform. Certainly, since all the settings are set up through a graphical interface, this server is suitable for those who don’t like to configure files on the command line. For some, this is the reason to prefer IIS over Apache, which is configured through the command line.

Now that you know the standard components of web development let’s proceed to full-stack solutions that dominate the industry. 

Full-Stack Tech Components

The most popular stacks are the following:

  • LAMP
  • MEAN
  • MERN
  • Python-Django

LAMP Stack

The LAMP stack is a suite of free, open-source software which comprises Linux, Apache, MySQL, and PHP technologies. Besides, LAMP has become the standard of web development and remained classic through the years. 

MEAN Stack

MEAN is a term under which the three JavaScript frameworks (ExpressJS, AngularJS, NodeJS) and a document-oriented NoSQL (MongoDB) database are united. That is to say, since ExpressJS, AngularJS and NodeJS are written using JavaScript, the development of MEAN applications can only be written in this programming language. That is one reason why the tech stack remains popular. Another one is its advanced flexibility and accessible code transfer.

MERN Stack

MERN consists of MongoDB, ExpressJS, React/Redux, and NodeJS. Most importantly, it gained immense popularity for using ReactJS for the front-end and NodeJS for the back-end parts. And it is widely used for creating high-performance off-the-shelf web applications.

Python-Django Stack

Firstly, as the Python-Django stack is based on one of the most popular web development languages, it is likely to remain among developers’ trends. Secondly, they generally combine it with the Apache web server, MySQL, and the Django framework for server-side development. Further, Django is the right solution for any website because of the many third-party packages available. As a result, if you want to create a complex user experience, to be fluent in JavaScript is required.

Don’t know what tech stack to choose for your project?

Our team of tech-savvy developers are ready to help you. 

Summing Up

In this article, we focused on the landscape of tools that will power modern web development in 2022. Moreover, we aimed to denote which tech stacks come forward and explain their popularity.